Registering OAuth2 Client Credentials¶
The Raven OAuth2 service allows websites to authenticate using the OAuth2 protocol. In order to make use of the OAuth2 protocol you will need to register some client credentials.
The user experience for Raven OAuth2 may differ from the user experience shown by legacy Raven services. In particular users will be asked for consent on the first sign in. Please see the notice to IT professionals on the UIS website for more information.
OAuth2 requires that an application authenticating a user identify itself to the authentication service. Client credentials are the way in which your website identifies itself to Raven when requesting user sign in.
Client credentials consist of two parts. The client id, sometimes called the client key, is the equivalent of a username identifying your application. The client secret is the equivalent of a password. As the name suggests, it should be kept secret.
Register a Google account¶
Raven makes use of OAuth2 client credentials managed by Google. There are, somewhat confusingly, several forms of identity in the Google ecosystem:
An ordinary Google account is the sort of Google account you can register for free at https://google.com/. All that you need to register an ordinary Google account is the ability to receive email. An ordinary Google account is associated with an email address.
A G Suite account is like an ordinary Google account but the associated email address ends in
@cam.ac.uk. G Suite accounts use Raven to authenticate rather than giving a password to Google. A G Suite account is associated with a single individual.
A service account is an account associated with a particular “project” in Google’s Cloud console. They are not associated with individuals. They do have email addresses associated with them which end with
.gserviceaccount.com. There is no mailbox behind the email address associated with service accounts.
In order to register new OAuth2 client credentials you will need to create an ordinary Google account. If you're just experimenting you can use any personal GMail account. If you're deploying a site in production we strongly recommend that you create a shared Google account for a role address. For example, the COs of St Botolph's college would create a Google account for
email@example.com and store the credentials like they do with any other shared secrets. By using a role address, you can have some confidence that access to the Google account can be recovered in future as people join or leave your team.
Create a Google project¶
Once registered, sign in as the shared user, open the Google Cloud console and create a new project for your service; click Select a project, then NEW PROJECT, enter a name for the project and, optionally, edit the provided project ID. Click Create.
G Suite accounts cannot create projects in the Google Cloud console
This is intentional. It is easy to miss which Google user you are currently signed in as and the G Suite administrators want to make it very hard for projects to be created by an individual who forgets to grant owner access to the rest of their team. Such projects are in danger of becoming "orphaned" when the individual who created it leaves the University.
You will first need to add an initial set of administrators:
- Navigate to the IAM page of the Google developer console for your project.
- Use the Add button at the top of the page to add Lookup groups to the project and give them the Project Owner role. Lookup groups are identified via the email address
[groupid]is the numeric group id for the group visible on the Lookup page for that group. Alternatively members may be added individually via their
[crsid]@cam.ac.ukaddresses. (Recall that users with email addresses of the form
...@cam.ac.ukare part of the University's G Suite account and are authenticated via Raven sign in.)
- Sign out from the shared role account and proceed using one of the G Suite accounts you just added to the project as an administrator.
All project administration should now be done as a G Suite user
It is best practice to use the shared Google account sparingly. As people join or leave your team, their corresponding G Suite user can be added or removed to the set of project owners.
Depending on what they're doing, G Suite users may have to opt in to Google Cloud Platform for their account.
Sign in details for the shared account should be kept securely for disaster recovery purposes or for adding project owners if all existing project owners are unavailable.
Create the client credentials¶
Once you have a new Google project, you can create some OAuth2 client credentials for your first application.
- Open the Google API Console Credentials page.
- On the Credentials page, select Create credentials, then OAuth client ID.
- You may be prompted to set a product name on the Consent screen; if so, click Configure consent screen and supply the information requested on that page. Unless your project has been created as part of the University of Cambridge organisation, choose "External" user authentication. You will also need to add the domain name of any websites providing Raven OAuth2 sign in. Leave the set of scopes as the default set. Click "Save" to return to the Credentials screen.
- Click Create.
- On the page that appears, make a note of the client ID and client secret. You will need them to configure your site.